Almost one million people are trapped in Mosul – Iraq’s second largest city that has become a battleground. For the past two years, the people of Mosul have been living under strict ISIS rule and the battle to drive ISIS out of Mosul began on October 17, 2016.
According to the UNCHR, over 1.2 million people are currently being impacted in the Mosul region and operations have already displaced 150,000 people. Up to 1 million are expected to be displaced by the conflict and 700,000 of those individuals will need assistance.
Protection and safety of citizens is of the utmost concern. The conflict has already been characterized by widespread violation of human rights and humanitarian law. Risks of gender-based violence and child protection violations are also a concern, especially due to family separation during displacement.
For the first several weeks, the battle for Mosul progressed at a fast pace as combined Iraqi forces moved quickly through sparsely populated villages and rural areas along the Mosul plain. Now that fighting has reached the city, the pace has slowed significantly with Iraqi forces controlling roughly 25% of it. In addition, the front line is often shifting back and forth as the nature of urban combat is much more fluid and allows IS greater opportunities for counter attack. At this stage the environment is one of increasing urban density, which provides greater challenges to Iraqi forces, as they continue their push to the main stronghold in the center of Mosul. The speed of the advance is anticipated to slow and the fighting will intensify. Prior to the start of the campaign, few people were able to leave the area because of IS control. During the initial phase of the attack the front line moved fast enough that many residents in the rural areas chose to stay in place or quickly return to their homes. Now that the fighting has slowed, we are starting to see increased flows of internally displaced people (IDPs) leaving Mosul.
ERDO, in conjunction with our local in-country partners, are beginning our survey process with local security to identify needs.
With the onset of colder weather, our initial focus will be on winterization to help seal houses from the elements. We will also provide a food kit to each family with basic staples, especially focusing on those items that are more expensive to purchase and widely used to prepare meals:
1. Winterization Kit - $385 (for a family of five)
- Includes: 5 blankets, 1 heater, 1 small stove, 1 carpet, 5 sleeping mats and 60L kerosene.
2. Food Kit - $45 (for a family of five)
- Includes: 1kg beans, 2 kg rice, 1kg sugar, salt, oil, chickpeas, tomato paste. Also including: hygiene kits, baby formula and diapers as needed.
Your donations are greatly appreciated. Thank you for your support.